By Little Pro on 2015-12-31 Views: Update:2017-01-18
Product and product of risk concern are unique concepts under K-REACH. They are regulated in different ways in order to better protect consumers from exposure to hazardous chemicals with health risks. Product containing hazardous chemical substances may require notification while product of risk concern needs to comply with relevant safety and labelling standards.
'Product' is a unique concept under K-REACH. A product means a mixture or an article used by an end user or a component of the mixture or the article that may expose consumers to chemical substances. It mainly refers to chemical consumer products.
'Product of risk concern' means any of the chemical products announced by the Minister of Environment (MoE) as the products are likely to risk people's health or the environment. The first list of announced products of risk concern includes 8 types of products: cleaning agents, synthetic detergents, bleaching agents, fabric softeners, coatings, adhesives, fragrances, and deodorants.
"Hazardous chemical substance" means any of the published toxic substances, substances subject to permission, restricted substances, and prohibited substances that can be searched on NIER's website. It currently includes thousands of substances.
There are two types of exemptions. One type does not require prior confirmation while the other one requires companies to apply for prior confirmation on exemption.
|Exemptions not requiring confirmation.||
|Exemptions requiring prior confirmation||
For productes identified as products of risk concern, the MoE will annouce their safety and labelling standards. No person shall sell or donate a product not meeting the safety and labelling standards announced.
In April 2015, the MoE issued its Notice No. 2015-41 setting safety and labelling standards for 8 types of products designated as products of risk concern: cleaning agents, synthetic detergents, bleaching agents, fabric softeners, coatings, adhesives (including glues), fragrances, and deodorants. More info about those new standards can be found here.
Any person who intends to manufacture or import a product of risk concern for which the safety standards and labelling standards are not announced shall submit data on chemical substances in such product to the Ministry of Environment and obtain his/her approval pursuant to Ordinance of the MoE.
Any person who transfers a product containing a hazardous chemical substance reported shall prepare and provide information such as the name, uses and conditions of the chemical substance in the product, to a person who acquires the product.
The person who transfers the product is also obligated to provide information on the safe uses of the product upon consumers' request.