By Little Pro on 2016-01-05 Views: Update:2018-02-09
Since Switzerland is not a member of the EU or the European Economic Area (EEA), EU REACH regulation does not apply here. Switzerland has its own chemical regulations adopting REACH-like registration requirements, but only on new substances placed on the Swiss market.
The provisions governing the obligation to notify, declare and register new substances are contained in its Chemicals Ordinance on Protection against Dangerous Substances and Preparations (known as ChemO). However, the Swiss Chemicals Ordinance (ChemO) governs more than just new substances. It has been amended several times. The latest edition is the 4th revised version which entered into force on 1 December 2012.
The picture below shows how chemicals are regulated under the Swiss Chemicals Ordinance (ChemO):
Under the Swiss Chemicals Ordinance, all >=1t/y new substances must be notified or declared in Switzerland before they are placed on the market, even if they are already registered under EU REACH. The chemical authority is the Notification authority for chemicals of the Swiss Federal Office of Public Health.
The ChemO has also adopted GHS by requiring suppliers to classify, label and package hazardous substances and preparations in accordance with EU CLP regulation. In the meantime, manufacturers and importers are required to submit the classification and labelling info of hazardous substances (including <1t/y new substances and exempt new substances) and preparations to the Swiss authority within 3 months after first placing them on the Swiss market. This obligation is called registration. It is similar to C&L notification under CLP regulation.
In addition to that, the ChemO has introduced REACH SVHC list into Switzerland and imposed a duty on suppliers of articles which contain substances on the SVHC list in a concentration above 0.1% (w/w) to provide sufficient information to their customers to allow safe use of the articles.
A new substance is defined a substance that is not listed on EINECS (European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances). This inventory includes chemical substances deemed to be on the European Community market between January 1, 1971 and September 18, 1981.
Please note that there is no official Swiss chemical inventory. Switzerland also uses EINECS as their existing chemical substance inventory. A substance that is listed on EINECS may still require registration under the Swiss Chemicals Ordinance. For more info, please refer to ChemO registration part.
*Decisive quantity: This is the higher one of the annual quantity of a substance placed on Swiss market and the total quantity introduced to the EEA in a year. For example, if an American company plans to export 99 tons of a new substance into the EEA, among which 5t is imported into Switzerland, the American company will need to submit a 10-100t technical dossier to Swiss authority by appointing an only representative.
A manufacturer or an importer must notify a new substance before it is placed on the market for the first time in Switzerland. Notification applies to a substance on its own, in a mixture or intended to be released from an article under normal conditions of use. For polymer, this notification applies to monomers. Similar to EU REACH, a company based outside of the Switzerland can appoint a Swiss only representative to notify.
The following new substances are exempt from new substance notifications in Switzerland under the ChemO:
*PPORD: This exemption needs to be declared to authority. This exemption is usually limited to a quantity required for the purpose and a period not exceeding five years. For more info, please refer to new substance declaration part.
Data requirement for new substance notification under ChemO is the same as EU REACH registration. Higher data package is required for higher volume substances. A notification fee also needs to be paid.
Luckily, the Swiss Authority accepts REACH registration dossier in IUCLID 5 format. For substances registered under EU REACH after 1 June 2008, it is not mandatory to send in copies of full test reports. A fully summary in IUCLID 5, meeting the criteria of a robust study summary, is sufficient. A letter of access is required if a late notifier wishes to share the data submitted by a previous registrant.
For >=1t/y new substances which are placed on the market solely for the purpose of product- and process-orientated research, a manufacturer, importer or only representative needs to apply for applications for exemption at least 30 days before he/she intends to place the substance on the market for the first time.
This exemption can only be claimed if the substances meet the following conditions:
Compared to full notification, new substance declaration only requires information on legal entity, substance identity, uses and expected quantity.
Manufacturers or importers must register the following hazardous substances or preparations with the Notification Authority within 3 months after first placing them on the Swiss market.
The purpose of this registration is to provide the Swiss authority with information on the classification and labelling of hazardous chemicals placed on the Swiss market. It is similar to C&L notification under the EU CLP regulation. Required info is very simple and mainly includes substance identity, composition of preparation, intended uses and classification and labelling.
Reminder: Unlike new substance notification or declaration, this registration needs to be done on a per product basis.
The following chemicals are exempt from registrations under ChemO:
Note: A notified or declared new substance does not require registration.
Substances on REACH SVHC list will be added to the Annex 7 of ChemO. Anyone who commercially supplies an article containing a substance of very high concern in a concentration greater than 0.1 % by weight must provide the customer with the following information:
This information must be provided free of charge to professional or commercial users without being requested or consumers within 45 days upon request.
Note: The restriction of the marketing and uses of certain substances, preparations and articles are governed by another ordinance Chemical Risk Reduce Ordinance (ORRChem).
Click here to access all references and resources for Switzerland including the English translation of regulations, regulatory lists and useful links to the websites of competent authorities.